Dating facts random facts
Many non-victimized bullies are thought of as bi-strategic controllers, using both prosocial actions (for example, likeability and popularity) and negative actions (for example, intimidating or coercing others) to engage in these hurtful behaviors toward others.
Bullies who have been the victim of bullying themselves (bully/victims) tend to be more aggressive than bullies who have never been a victim of bullying.
Gay, lesbian, bisexual, or transgender youth are more often victims of bullying compared to their heterosexual counterparts.
Children who have disabilities or are immigrants or highly achieving minorities are more vulnerable to being bullied, as well.
Further, bystanders are at risk for engaging in bullying themselves if they encourage the bullying by paying attention to the behavior or laughing about it.
Risk factors for being the victim of bullying include having low understanding of emotional or social interactions, a tendency to become upset easily, or already suffering from anxiety or depression. "Small-scale bullying prevention discussion video for classrooms: a preliminary evaluation." Children Schools 35.2 (2013): 71-81.
Further, victims of bullying only report it to school adults one-third of the time, usually when the bullying is being suffered repeatedly or has caused injury.
Symptoms experienced by victims of bullying may be physical, emotional, and behavioral. Actual or perceived obesity of the victim is also a risk factor. "Bullying in schools: the state of knowledge and effective interventions." Psychology, Health and Medicine 22.1 (2017): 240-253. Being underweight is slightly associated with being bullied. Proactive aggression is described as being organized, emotionally detached, and driven by the desire for a reward. Practical approaches to reduce the impact of bullying. Reactive aggression is defined as impulsive, in response to a perceived threat or precipitant, and usually associated with intense emotion, especially anxiety or anger. Archives of Disease in Childhood December 1998: 528-531.